A Brief Timeline (courtesy of Zionism on the Web)
17th-6th BCE BIBLICAL TIMES
17th century BCE The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob – patriarchs of the Jewish people and bearers of a belief in one God – settle in the Land of Israel. Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt
13th century Exodus from Egypt: Moses leads Israelites from Egypt, followed by 40 years of wandering in the desert. Torah, including the Ten Commandments, received at Mount Sinai.
13th-12th C. Israelites settle the Land of Israel
1020 Jewish Monarchy established; Saul, first king
1000 Jerusalem made capital of David’s kingdom
960 First Temple, the national and spiritual center of the Jewish people, built in Jerusalem by King Solomon
332 Land conquered by Alexander the Great; Hellenistic rule
166-160 Maccabean (Hasmonean) revolt against restrictions on practice of Judaism and desecration of Temple
(CE – Common Era)
37 BCE – 4 CE Temple in Jerusalem refurbished
70 Destruction of Jerusalem and Second Temple.
70 BEGINNING OF MAJOR DIASPORA
1882-1903 First Aliya (large-scale immigration), mainly from Russia.
1897 First Zionist Congress convened by Theodor Herzl in Basel, Switzerland; Zionist Organization founded.
1904-14 Second Aliya, mainly from Russia and Poland.
1909 First kibbutz, Degania, and first modern all-Jewish city, Tel Aviv, founded.
1918-48 BRITISH RULE
1919-23 Third Aliya, mainly from Russia
1925 Hebrew University of Jerusalem opened on Mt. Scopus.
1939 Jewish immigration severely limited by British White Paper. 100,000 maximum.
1939-45 World War II; Holocaust in Europe. British Navy curtails emigration from Europe.
1947 UN proposes the establishment of Arab and Jewish states in the Land. Arabs rejected it.
1948 STATE OF ISRAEL
State of Israel proclaimed (14 May).
Israel invaded by five Arab states (15 May)
War of Independence (May 1948-July 1949)
1948 Israel Defense Forces (IDF) established
Jerusalem divided under Israeli and Jordanian rule.
First Knesset (parliament) elected.
1949 Israel admitted to United Nations as 59th member.
1967 Six-Day War, Jerusalem reunited.
1968-70 Egypt’s War of Attrition against Israel
1973 Yom Kippur War
1977 Likud forms government after Knesset elections, end of 30 years of Labor rule. Visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem.
1987 Widespread violence (intifada) starts in Israeli-administered areas.
1992 New government headed by Yitzhak Rabin of Labor party.
1994 Rabin, Peres, Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize. Broadened Palestinian self-government implemented in West Bank and Gaza Strip; Palestinian Council elected. Prime Minister Rabin assassinated at peace rally.
1998 Israel celebrates its 50th anniversary.
2006 PM Sharon incapacitated by massive stroke, Olmert takes over as PM. Hamas won election.
You can view a full version of the timeline here.
List of Resources
- Buy a t-shirt and change the word with NU. NU is a great organization to get teens involved with Israel by connecting people to the human story in Israel.
- Do you want to purchase Israeli films and music? The biggest store in the USA is Sifrutake
- Learn Hebrew phrases with audio here. Use Flash cards with audio to learn some key phrases before coming to Israel
- Check out some of the places before you get there on Israel’s official travel website.
- Balkan Beat Box is the latest music sensation in Israel. Check out their website and listen to some of their songs!
- Learn about all things Israel from pop culture to politics
- Politics junkie? Check out awesome lecturer Neil Lazarus’s website for all your up-to-date Israeli political info.
- Are you a tree hugger? So is Israel! Find about all things “green” going on in Israel here!
- Stay current and learn about Israel current affairs from media publications and educational materials developed by Stand With Us (SWU).